Like the NSW Energy from Waste policy, the Victorian draws from European Emissions Standards for any potential WtE facilities.
Emission discharges, under both steady and non-steady state operating conditions, must meet all the emissions standards set in the European Union’s Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU (IED).
Finally, the combustion of reuse-derived fuel (RDF) as fuel replacement in an existing facility should have similar or reduced emissions to atmosphere in comparison to the emissions from the standard fuel it replaces, with appropriate risk controls in place.
EfW excludes biofuels
Given the great diversity of biomass reuse happening across the Victorian economy, the policy makes a specific exemption for energy recovery from biomass. "Some waste streams are recognised to pose limited risks to the environment and human health and can be used directly as biofuels in purpose built boilers or as fuel replacement in existing facilities," the policy says.
Exemptions are granted for: 1) biomass from agriculture, 2) residues from forestry plantation and sawmilling operations 3) untreated wood waste, 4) recycled oil that meets the specifications and standards set out in the Product Stewardship (Oil) Regulations 2000 and 5) vegetable residue from virgin pulp production and from production of paper from pulp
To be considered as biofuel, these wastes must have a minimum gross calorific value of 10MJ/kg as received, be fully characterised, uncontaminated and relatively homogeneous.